Normally, trees purchased from tree nurseries and beds come in containers such as plastic paper bags. Therefore, they are carried with their containers up to the point of transplanting. Mostly, many people find it hard to successfully transplant the containerized trees with eventual dryness being the results. However, with the following steps, you can easily succeed in this task:
1) Dig a hole at the area where the tree should be planted. Ensure that the hole is 3 times wider that the container holding the tree. This will give room for the outward growth of roots. Ensure that all the soil removed from hole is kept aside for refilling.
2) Remove the tree from the container with care to keep the roots attached to the soil. Preferably, water the container and allow it sometime before removing the tree. This will make it possible for the soil to move out together with the roots.
3) If roots have matted at the base, loosen them in order to ensure vertical growth. You may cut the overgrown roots in order to discourage horizontal growth of roots which does not provide maximum support for a tall growing tree.
4) Place the tree from the container into the hole. Ensure that the tree is centrally placed in order to allow an ample space for roots’ growth. Avoid planting your tree in a deep location. Instead, place some soil on the surface of the hold. This will leave space for the tree trunk to remain above the soil surface.
5) Fill the space left with soil. Ensure that there is no space left while refilling in order to prevent soil collapse during rains or during watering periods. Preferably, you may start filling the space with the soil that was removed from the top layer during hole-digging. This will supply the tree with the nutrients which are normally bulk within the top soil. Fill the soil until it touches the collar of the roots.
6) Design a water holding surface on the collar of the roots. This will create a space to hold water after watering is done. After watering for the first time, apply mulching all around the tree. Normally, dry leaves or grass can be used for mulching since they effectively cover the space preventing water evaporation during the sunny weathers. The mulch should be about 4 inches in depth.
7) The soil and mulch covering the tree on the soil surface should be kept wet most of the times. However, avoid too much water since water logging prevents the tree from growing healthy. The tree should be watered regularly after planting preferably after every two days. Eventually, watering may be regulated until none is done after a period of one year. You may use dripping watering method to keep the area moist regularly.
Planting new trees should be done using manure and humus rich soil. Avoid using fertilizers and chemicals to prevent drying of the tree or its parts at young age. Keep the tree surface moist especially in the early stages after planting in order to aid the tree roots in the absorption of nutrients and water for photosynthesis. This will ensure fast growth of the tree.